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President’s early elections 

nazar.17.02.15It is necessary to give President Nursultan Nazarbayev a national vote of confidence is said in  Kazakhstan Folk Assembly(KFA)address. On February 14 all KFA session delegates  voted unanimously for early president’s elections . “Nur Otan “ power party supported the initiative on Monday. On February 16, Kasymzhomart Tokayev, Senate chairman proposed to introduce the initiКасымжомарт Токаевative on the scheduled Senate session agenda  held on February, 19-th,” said in the information. Power Party made an announcement on support of pre-term President elections.  Baurzhan Baibek, the first “Nur Otan” party chairman sub-chief announced on Central Communication briefing.Байбек”Dariga Nazarbayeva, Mazhiylis Chairman sub chief and “Nur Otan” party faction leader also addressed to all Kazakhstan people to support the initiative. The faction is one  of the main party resourses” , party press-service informs. “ Helding the president elections is a very important decision, meeting the State and people’s interests. It will unite the creative Kazakhstan folk energy for reaching the main target in wealth and Kazakhstan prosperity .Дарига НазарбаеваToday it is very important to strengthen a unity, a consensus and  a stability and to consolidate a state, a society and all citizens efforts around our leader as never before.   It’s our historic opportunity to become stronger and more united, implementing a long run “Strategy Kazakhstan 2050” and “Mangylyk El” achievement”, Dariga Nazarbayeva said. As to other candidates, the Kazakhstan People’s Communist Party is ready to nominate their own candidate, but don’t name any candidates . КНПК, КозловSocial democratic party is not in a hurry with the initiative. Only Mels Eleusisov, “Tabigat ” ecology movement leader expressed  his eagerness to compete with the president Nursultan Nazarbayev. Мэлс ЕлеусизовThe last president elections were also pre-term. They were held on April, 3-d, 2011. President Nazarbayev, Zhambyl Akhmetov, Kazakhstan People Communist Party secretary, Gainiy Kasymov, Parlament Senate depute and Mels Eleusizov, “Tabigat “ Ecology organization leader were registed as president candidates. Nazarbayev got 95,5 % of electorate votes. “There is no political alternative to Nazarbayev in Kazakhstan. 17.02.2015 “Nowadays operating Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev will get 95-97% of votes on early state head elections. And the election is planned to be held on April, 25-th, according to Daniar Ashimbayev, Kazakhstan political scientist”, – interfax  informs. “There is no political alternative to Nazarbayev in Kazakhstan. The election will look  like a referendum to show a trust of the chosen foreign, domestic,  economic and social models.  I think that the active President will get no less than 95-97 % of the votes!,- Ashimbayev said. “The elections may be held on April, 25-th, he thinks. “I think that a week will be spend on necessary “ritual dances”: “ first everybody will refuse the elections, than will go to support it.  According to the constitution the period that is from the day of announcement  to the day of election is two weeks. The election will be held on April, 25-th, to my opinion”, – the political scientist said. The earБашмаков А.А.ly presidential elections were proposed by Anatoliy Bashmakov, Kazakhstan Folk Assembly sub chief: “ In 2016 we are going to have two electorate campaigns; Parliament deputes elections and presidential elections” are naturally in cross with the law,  besides in 2016 will be a peak of world economic and financial crises”, Bashmakov marked. Nursultan Nazarbayev is a first and continuous Kazakhstan president. He has been ruling Kazakhstan since 1989.  95%   Kazakhstan citizens voted for Nazarbaeyev in 2011.   Kazakhstan President can be elected for his office unlimited times.

Presidents of Kazakhstan and Belarus discussed issues of bilateral cooperation

  On the 10-th of February Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev had a telephone talk with Alexander Lukashenko,  President of the Republic of Belarus

Nazarbayev, Lukashenko

During the conversation Kazakhstan and Belarus Presidents discussed issues of bilateral cooperation, as well as future prospects of interaction within Eurasian Economic Union. Two countries leaders drew  the attention to the existing problems in the economies of EAEU member-states that require joint decision.

The current situation in Ukraine were also on the agenda.

Concerning Ukraine,N.Nazarbayev expressed his confidence  that the “Normandy Four” negotiations to be held on February 11 in Minsk will bring  a compromising decision in searching a way out out of the conflict situation in the East of  Ukraine.

Nursultan Nazarbayev and Vladimir Putin’ telephone talk

09.Putin, Nazarbaev

02.2015

The heads of state discussed current issues of bilateral cooperation, as well as interaction within the Eurasian Economic Union.

Vladimir Putin informed Nursultan Nazarbayev of the results of his negotiations with the leaders of Germany and France held on February 6 and a telephone conversation in the Normandy format on February 8.

Nursultan Nazarbayev expressed his confidence that the four-sided talks to be held on February 11 in Minsk will bring about compromise in finding a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Ukraine.

In view of Russia’s temporary economic hardships, the heads of state discussed bilateral trade issues. Following the telephone conversation, the presidents instructed the governments of their countries to work out mutually acceptable solutions.

Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev [2] (Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев [nʊrsʊlˈtɑn æbəʃʊˈlɯ nɑzɑrˈbɑ.jɪf]; Russian:Нурсултан Абишевич Назарбаев [nur.suɫˈtan ɐˈbʲi.ʂɨ.vʲɪt͡ɕ nə.zɐrˈba.jɪf]; born 6 July 1940) is the President of Kazakhstan. He has been the country’s leader since 1989, when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR, and waselected the nation’s first president following its independence from the Soviet Union in December 1991. In April 2011, Nazarbayev was re-elected to another five-year term.

Early life[edit]

Nazarbayev was born in Chemolgan, a rural town near Almaty, when Kazakhstan was one of the republics of the Soviet Union.[3] His father was a poor labourer who worked for a wealthy local family until Soviet rule confiscated the family’s farmland in the 1930s during Joseph Stalin‘s collectivization policy.[4] Following this, his father took the family to the mountains to live out a nomadic existence.[5]

His father avoided compulsory military service due to a withered arm he sustained when putting out a fire.[6] At the end of World War II the family returned to the village of Chemolgan, and Nazarbayev began to pick up the Russian language.[7] He performed well at school, and was sent to a boarding school in Kaskelen.[8]

After leaving school he took up a one year, government-funded scholarship at the Karaganda Steel Mill in Temirtau.[9] He also spent time training at a steel plant in Dniprodzerzhynsk, and therefore was away from Temirtau as riots over working conditions enveloped the town.[9] By the age of 20, he was earning a relatively good wage doing “incredibly heavy and dangerous work” in the blast furnace.[10]

He joined the Communist Party in 1962, and quickly became a prominent member of the Young Communist League.[10] He soon became a full-time worker for the party, and picked up a college education at the Karagandy Polytechnic Institute.[11] He was appointed secretary of the Communist Party Committee of the Karaganda Metallurgical Kombinat in 1972, and four years later became Second Secretary of the Karaganda Regional Party Committee.[11]

In his role as a bureaucrat, Nazarbayev spent his days dealing with legal papers, solving logistical problems and industrial disputes, as well as meeting workers to solve individual issues.[11] He later wrote that “the central allocation of capital investment and the distribution of funds” meant that infrastructure was poor, workers were demoralized and overworked, and centrally set targets were unrealistic; he saw the steel plant’s problems as a microcosm for the problems for the Soviet Union as a whole.[12]

Rise to power[edit]

Main article: Jeltoqsan

Nazarbayev (second from left) at the signing of the Alma-Ata Protocol, December 1991

In 1984, Nazarbayev became the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (chairman of the Council of Ministers), working under Dinmukhamed Kunayev, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan.[13] Nazarbayev criticized Askar Kunayev, head of the Academy of Sciences, at the 16th session of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in January 1986 for not reforming his department. Dinmukhamed Kunayev, Nazarbayev’s boss and Askar’s brother, felt deeply angered and betrayed. Kunayev went to Moscow and demanded Nazarbayev’s dismissal while Nazarbayev’s supporters campaigned for Kunayev’s dismissal and Nazarbayev’s promotion.

Kunayev was ousted in 1986 and replaced by a Russian, Gennady Kolbin, who despite his office had little authority in Kazakhstan. Nazarbayev was named party leader on 22 June 1989–[13]only the second Kazakh (after Kunayev) to hold the post. He was Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (head of state) from 22 February to 24 April 1990.

Despite having just been named as leader of Kazakhstan, Nazarbayev was close enough to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev that he was Gorbachev’s second choice to be Vice President of the Soviet Union in 1990. However, Nazarbayev turned the offer down.[14]On 24 April 1990, Nazarbayev was named the first President of Kazakhstan by the Supreme Soviet. He supported Russian PresidentBoris Yeltsin against the attempted coup in August 1991 by Soviet hardliners.[15]

The Soviet Union disintegrated following the failed coup, though Nazarbayev was highly concerned with maintaining the close economic ties between Kazakhstan and Russia.[16] In the country’s first presidential election, held on 1 December, he appeared alone on the ballot and won 91.5% of the vote.[17] On 21 December, he signed the Alma-Ata Protocol, taking Kazakhstan into theCommonwealth of Independent States.[18]

Presidency[edit]

Nazarbayev with George W. Bush at the White House in September 2006.

Nazarbayev is a constant participant of the most important conferences and forums of the world, such as high-level meetings as UN General Assembly, Nuclear Security Summits, World Economic Forum in Davos. Nazarbayev has opened Kazakhstan’s doors as host country for high-level events: the OSCE Summit in Astana held in December 2010, the 38th Session of the OIC Ministerial Council in June, 2011, and the Almaty 1 & Almaty 2 P5+1 talks with Iran on its nuclear program. Nazarbayev also initiated a series of forums that gather the international community’s attention. In particular, the Astana Economic Forum, the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the Eurasian Media Forum, sessions of the Council of Foreign Investors and others.[19]

In December 2012, President Nazarbayev outlined a forward-looking national strategy called the Kazakhstan 2050 Strategy.

Nazarbayev renamed the former State Defense Committees as the Ministry of Defense and appointed Sagadat Nurmagambetov asDefense Minister on 7 May 1992. The Supreme Council, under the leadership of Speaker Serikbolsyn Abdilin, began debating over a draftconstitution in June 1992. The constitution created a strong executive branch with limited checks on executive power.[20]

Opposition political parties Ezat, Zheltoqsan and the Republican Party, held demonstrations in Almaty from 10–17 June calling for the formation of a coalition government and the resignation of the government of Prime Minister Sergey Tereshchenko and the Supreme Council. The Parliament of Kazakhstan, composed of Communist Party legislators who had yet to stand in an election since the country gained its independence, adopted the constitution on 28 January 1993.[20]

An April 1995 referendum extended his term until 2000. He was re-elected in January 1999 and again in December 2005. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe criticized the last presidential election as falling short of international democratic standards.[21] On 18 May 2007, the Parliament of Kazakhstan approved a constitutional amendment which allowed the incumbent president—himself—to run for an unlimited number of five-year terms. This amendment applied specifically and only to Nazarbayev: the original constitution’s prescribed maximum of two five-year terms will still apply to all future presidents of Kazakhstan.[22]

Nazarbayev appointed Altynbek Sarsenbayev, who at the time served as the Minister of Culture, Information and Concord, the Secretary of the Kazakh Security Council, replacing Marat Tazhin, on 4 May 2001. Tazhin became the Chairman of the National Security Council, replacing Alnur Musayev. Musayev became the head of the Guards’ Service of the President.[23]

Nazarbayev with Lee Myung-bak in Seoul, 2010.

Notwithstanding Kazakhstan’s membership in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), under Nazarbayev the country has had good relations with Israel. Diplomatic relations were established in 1992 and President Nazarbayev paid official visits to Israel in 1995 and 2000.[24] Bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to $724 million in 2005.

Nazarbayev at the 2011 Nur Otancongress, discussing cooperation with foreign states in the “fight against terrorism and fight against epidemics and environmental disasters.”[25]

In 1994 Nazarbayev suggested the move of the capital from Almaty to Astana, and the official shift of the capital happened o December 10, 1997.[26]

On 4 December 2005 new Presidential elections were held and President Nazarbayev won by an overwhelming majority of 91.15% (from a total of 6,871,571 eligible participating voters). Nazarbayev was sworn in for another seven-year term on 11 January 2006.

Nazarbayev with former President of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. (2009)

In 2009, former UK cabinet minister Jonathan Aitken released a biography of the Kazakhstani leader entitled Nazarbayev and the Making of Kazakhstan. The book takes a generally pro-Nazarbayev stance, asserting in the introduction that he is mostly responsible for the success of modern Kazakhstan.[27]

December 2011 saw the 2011 Mangystau riots, described by the BBC as the biggest opposition movement of his time in power.[28] On 16 December 2011 demonstrations in the oil town of Zhanaozen clashed with police on the country’s Independence Day. Fifteen people were shot dead by security forces and almost 100 were injured. Protests quickly spread to other cities but then died away. The subsequent trial of demonstrators uncovered mass abuse and torture of detainees.[28]

Nazarbayev received the Man of the Year national award in 2012. The award in State Policy category was also given to Russia‘s PresidentVladimir Putin and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko. The leaders of the three countries were awarded for their contribution into creation of the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) and the Customs Union.[29]

President Nazarbayev announced in 2014 that Kazakhstan should change its name to Kazakh Yeli. The reason for this announcement is for Kazakhstan to attract better and more foreign investment since Kazakhstan by name is associated with other -stan countries. Also, he noted Mongolia is receiving more investment than Kazakhstan because its not a -stan country even though it is in the same neighborhood as Kazakhstan and not as stable as Kazakhstan. However, he is letting the people decide on whether the country should change its name.[30]

By Wikipedia

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