K.Abdrakhmanov took part in the OSCE Ministerial Meeting
July 12, 2017, Mauerbach
On July 11, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kairat Abdrakhmanov took part in the Ministerial Meeting of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, at which the delegations of the OSCE participating States discussed the topical issues on the Organization’s agenda.
During the plenary session, the head of the Kazakh delegation expressed support for the OSCE Chairman-in-Office and stressed the importance of an inclusive dialogue to promote the vision of a common and indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community, in accordance with the provisions of the Astana Declaration of the 2010 OSCE Summit, convened at the initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev .
K. Abdrakhmanov highly appreciated the efforts to create conditions for a structured dialogue on current and future security challenges, including unresolved regional conflicts, increased military activity, increased concentration of troops and, as a result, the danger of military incidents in the OSCE region. Kazakhstan intends to take an active part in this dialogue.
The importance of the economic and environmental dimension was emphasized as an important tool for building confidence and cooperation among the OSCE participating countries, as well as the importance of the Central Asian region in the context of renewable integration processes in the region.
Within the framework of the round table on preventing violent extremism leading to terrorism, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan presented key initiatives of the President of Kazakhstan on the creation of the Global Anti-Terrorist Coalition (the network), the adoption of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and the Code of Conduct on Global Action Against Terrorism and Violent Extremism, As well as the creation of a single list of terrorist organizations. He also informed about the measures taken by Kazakhstan to counter terrorism, including the Third Modernization and Public Consciousness Program, as well as the Cybershchit initiative.
The OSCE participating States were informed of Kazakhstan’s preparations for the presidency of the UN Security Council in January 2018 and the next Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in Astana.
Within the framework of the visit, K. Abdrakhmanov held negotiations with the OSCE Chairman-in-Office – Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurtz on topical issues of bilateral cooperation and interaction in international organizations, including in the context of the current membership of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the UN Security Council and Austria’s chairmanship in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in 2017. The parties noted the role of the international exhibition EXPO-2017 in Astana as a positive impulse for strengthening bilateral relations, as well as a factor contributing to the development of the OSCE economic and environmental dimension.
K. Abdrakhmanov held bilateral meetings with the heads of delegations of the European Union, Slovakia, Ireland, Canada and Cyprus on the sidelines of the event, during which issues of bilateral and multilateral cooperation were discussed. Significant place in the agenda of these negotiations was occupied by issues of economic diplomacy: attraction of investments, growth of trade turnover, realization of transit and transport potential. The Kazakhstan party invited its partners to join to the activities of the International Financial Center Astana, the International Center for the Development of Green Technologies and Investment Projects “Energy of the Future”, the hub of IT start-ups that will operate on the basis of EXPO 2017 in Astana.
The visit of the foreign minister of Kazakhstan to Vienna and participation in the OSCE debate showed the relevance of the initiatives of the President of Kazakhstan aimed at strengthening peace and security and sustainable development.
Press service of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Its aim was to bring about economic integration, including a common market, among its six founding members: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlandsand West Germany. The EEC was also known as the Common Market in the English-speaking world and sometimes referred to as the European Community even before it was officially renamed as such in 1993.
It gained a common set of institutions along with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) as one of the European Communities under the 1965 Merger Treaty (Treaty of Brussels).
Upon the entry into force of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, the EEC was renamed the European Community (EC) to reflect that it covered a wider range of policy. This was also when the three European Communities, including the EC, were collectively made to constitute the first of the three pillars of the European Union (EU), which the treaty also founded. The EC existed in this form until it was abolished by the 2009 Treaty of Lisbon, which merged the EU’s former pillars and provided that the EU would “replace and succeed the European Community”.
In 1951, the Treaty of Paris was signed, creating the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). This was an international community based on supranationalismand international law, designed to help the economy of Europe and prevent future war by integrating its members.
In the aim of creating a federal Europe two further communities were proposed: a European Defence Community and a European Political Community. While the treaty for the latter was being drawn up by the Common Assembly, the ECSC parliamentary chamber, the proposed defence community was rejected by the French Parliament. ECSC President Jean Monnet, a leading figure behind the communities, resigned from the High Authority in protest and began work on alternative communities, based on economic integration rather than political integration.After the Messina Conference in 1955, Paul Henri Spaak was given the task to prepare a report on the idea of a customs union. The so-called Spaak Report of the Spaak Committee formed the cornerstone of the intergovernmental negotiations at Val Duchesse castle in 1956. Together with the Ohlin Report the Spaak Report would provide the basis for the Treaty of Rome.
In 1956, Paul Henri Spaak led the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom at the Val Duchesse castle, which prepared for the Treaty of Rome in 1957. The conference led to the signature, on 25 March 1957, of the Treaty of Rome establishing a European Economic Community.
Creation and early years
The resulting communities were the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM or sometimes EAEC). These were markedly less supranational than the previous communities,due to protests from some countries that their sovereignty was being infringed (however there would still be concerns with the behaviour of the Hallstein Commission). The first formal meeting of the Hallstein Commission, was held on 16 January 1958 at theChateau de Val-Duchesse. The EEC (direct ancestor of the modern Community) was to create a customs union while Euratom would promote co-operation in thenuclear power sphere. The EEC rapidly became the most important of these and expanded its activities. One of the first important accomplishments of the EEC was the establishment (1962) of common price levels for agricultural products. In 1968, internal tariffs (tariffs on trade between member nations) were removed on certain products.
Another crisis was triggered in regard to proposals for the financing of the Common Agricultural Policy, which came into force in 1962. The transitional period whereby decisions were made by unanimity had come to an end, and majority-voting in the Council had taken effect. Then-French President Charles de Gaulle‘s opposition to supranationalism and fear of the other members challenging the CAP led to an “empty chair policy” whereby French representatives were withdrawn from the European institutions until the French veto was reinstated. Eventually, a compromise was reached with the Luxembourg compromise on 29 January 1966 whereby a gentlemen’s agreement permitted members to use a veto on areas of national interest
On 1 July 1967 when the Merger Treaty came into operation, combining the institutions of the ECSC and Euratom into that of the EEC, they already shared aParliamentary Assembly and Courts. Collectively they were known as the European Communities. The Communities still had independent personalities although were increasingly integrated. Future treaties granted the community new powers beyond simple economic matters which had achieved a high level of integration. As it got closer to the goal of political integration and a peaceful and united Europe, what Mikhail Gorbachev described as a Common European Home.