– I would like to thank His Excellency Mr. Andrzej Duda, President of the Republic of Poland and Ministers present here for their kind agreement to participate and speak at our thematic briefing.
Using this opportunity, I congratulate President Duda on commencement of non-permanent membership of Poland in UNSC. I also congratulate Cote d’Ivoire, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Peru and Equatorial Guinea on this year’s commencement of non-permanent UNSC memberships. I hope for our fruitful cooperation and interaction in the framework of this critical body of the Global organization, said the President of Kazakhstan.
According to the approved agenda, Nursultan Nazarbayev gave the floor to the UN Secretary General. At the end of Mr. Guterres’ speech, the Head of State addressed the Council members.
– We consider Kazakhstan’s election as a non-permanent member and today’s presidency in the UN Security Council as a sign of confidence of the international community in our country and our peaceful policy. As the first state from Central Asia, we have become the voice of the countries of our region in this noble mission of this important body of the Global Organization. A year has passed since Kazakhstan started its service in the UNSC. We have strived to be constructive and fair in tackling pressing issues in the Agenda of the Council. In chairing committees for Afghanistan/Taliban, ISIS/DAISH, Al Qaida and Somalia/Eritrea we have been making our contribution to their productive proceedings. I am grateful to all Council member-states for their strong solidarity, the Head of State said.
The President of Kazakhstan stressed that confidence-building measures aimed at achieving the goals of peace and security play key role in conflict prevention and resolving critical global problems.
– I have put forward the proposal to establish the regional structure for security and confidence-building measures in Asia at the 47th session of UN General Assembly. This mechanism was created as a result of thorough diplomatic action. Presently CICA is successfully bringing together 26 states of the region. Quarter of a century later I speak again in the UN on behalf of Kazakhstan as a non-permanent member of the Security Council, said Nursultan Nazarbayev.
The Kazakh leader pointed to the need to maintain confidence measures in the agenda and named a number of factors contributing to that. The President of Kazakhstan stressed the need for profound mental changes and new multilateral political decisions on strengthening the non-proliferation regime based on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
In this regard, Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed a number of measures aimed at strengthening confidence in the sphere of non-proliferation.
At the end of the speech, the Head of State put emphasis on establishing mutual understanding and mutual trust between the world’s nuclear powers for the effective resolution of conflicts.
– The world community is a single body, strong in its diversity and pluralism that can survive and strive when there is balance and harmony between the nations and people living on this planet. Here is why we have to jointly strive for a safer world and a world order with more fairness based on rule of law. Undoubtedly, the UN Security Council has a special role and historical mission in this matter, the President of Kazakhstan said.
During the session, Andrzej Duda, the President of Poland, Sheikh Sabah Khaled Al-Sabah, Deputy Prime Minister – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kuwait and Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation have also addressed the Council.
The President of Kazakhstan expressed his condolences in connection with the tragic death of citizens of Uzbekistan as a result of a passenger bus burning in Aktobe region.
“Sharing the irreplaceable loss, on behalf of Kazakhstan’s nation and on my own behalf, I am asking you to convey the words of sympathy and support to the families and friends of the deceased. I wish the wounded people a speedy recovery and return to their families,” the telegram reads.
In addition, on behalf of the Head of State, the Government Commission has been created to clarify the incident’s circumstances and causes.
– We welcome your decision to work in Kazakhstan, in AIFC (Astana International Financial Centre). We have made changes in the Constitution and a number of laws of the country. English law and preferences for all participants have been introduced. We create all favourable conditions for those who will work, the President of Kazakhstan said.
Nursultan Nazarbayev noted that Nasdaq’s decision will serve as a good incentive for its partners and other foreign companies to develop cooperation with the AIFC.
In turn, Adena Friedman shared her impressions of the work done by Kazakhstan on creating the international financial centre.
– We are very impressed with the plans for AIFC development. We would like to note a careful study of all issues related to the financial centre’s functioning. We welcome such a solid approach to this work, the head of Nasdaq said.
In addition, Adena Friedman expressed readiness to start cooperation with AIFC and provide Kazakhstan’s Stock Exchange with advanced technologies for its functioning.
During the talks, the sides focused on making joint efforts and establishing long-term relations in the formation of the positive investment climate in Kazakhstan.
In conclusion, the Head of State has invited Adena Friedman to take part in the official opening of the AIFC in July this year.
In recognizing the growth of the relationship between the United States and Kazakhstan since its independence in 1991, the leaders resolved to strengthen cooperation on political and security issues, trade and investment, and people-to-people relationships through regular high-level meetings within the framework of an Enhanced Strategic Partnership Dialogue. The two leaders committed to address shared challenges in Central Asia through regional formats, such as the C5+1 dialogue, and welcomed future Afghan participation in C5+1 projects. They resolved to seek a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Afghanistan, and to pursue initiatives fostering greater political and economic cooperation in the region. The two leaders pledged to deepen their cooperation against violent extremism and international terrorism, while respecting the rule of law and human rights.
Legacy of International Leadership
President Trump noted Kazakhstan’s global leadership as an elected member of the UN Security Council in 2017-2018. He praised Kazakhstan’s legacy as a leader in international non-proliferation efforts, beginning with the voluntary renunciation of its nuclear arsenal in 1992, and reinforced by ongoing commitments to nuclear security and recent support for preventing the spread and use of chemical weapons. Both leaders condemned the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including DPRK’s unlawful nuclear and missile programs. The leaders welcomed the recent opening of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Low Enriched Uranium Bank in Kazakhstan, which seeks to decrease the risk of nuclear enrichment technology proliferation.
President Trump thanked President Nazarbayev for Kazakhstan’s steadfast commitment to support the United States’ South Asia strategy by guaranteeing continuous logistical support and access to Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan’s contributions to humanitarian efforts. The two leaders recognized that only an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process will bring stability and security to Afghanistan. President Trump highlighted Kazakhstan’s past financial contributions to the Afghan security forces. Expressing support for fair burden sharing, President Nazarbayev reaffirmed Kazakhstan’s commitment of additional support to address security challenges in Afghanistan. He also offered to extend a program to train Afghan civilian and security personnel in Kazakhstan, with an emphasis on empowering Afghan women. Both leaders welcomed Kazakhstan’s participation in Afghan transportation infrastructure development projects. Regarding Syria, the two sides welcomed diplomatic initiatives that achieve genuine de-escalation of violence and strengthens the basis for a political settlement of the conflict through the UN-led Geneva peace process.
Defense and Security Cooperation
The two leaders pledged to deepen bilateral defense and security relationships, noting their intent to conclude several agreements that enhance cooperation, interoperability, access, and logistical routes in support of regional security. Both leaders noted the signing of the fourth Five Year Plan for Military Cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the U.S. Department of Defense. The Presidents committed to explore Kazakhstan’s interest in joining the Cybercrime Convention, which would provide a framework for global cooperation against threats to e-commerce and crimes committed over the internet. Participation in these kinds of multilateral agreements further strengthens law enforcement cooperation and information sharing to combat international terrorism and violent extremism.
Strengthening Economic Cooperation
President Trump and President Nazarbayev pledged to promote a fair and reciprocal economic partnership that increases bilateral trade and investment, and creates jobs and opportunities in both countries. President Nazarbayev welcomed the United States as a leading investor in Kazakhstan. President Trump encouraged Kazakhstan to implement its World Trade Organization obligations, uphold fair labor practices, enforce the sanctity of contracts, and protect intellectual property rights, as a foundation for future participation in international economic organizations. President Trump applauded Kazakhstan’s ambitious plans to develop a diverse and innovative economy, noting that U.S. development finance institutions seek to support investments in Kazakhstan. Both leaders expressed their support for legislation to provide Kazakhstan with permanent normal trade relations and noted that this status will further strengthen the bilateral trade relationship. They recognized the recent elevation of the Strategic Energy Dialogue, which outlines bilateral energy cooperation, including oil and gas, nuclear non-proliferation, and civilian nuclear development. The leaders pledged to explore bilateral cooperation in the digital economy, healthcare, infrastructure, commercial aviation, finance and banking, agriculture, and space exploration sectors. They also reinforced their commitment to the Central Asia Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) and welcomed Afghan participation in future TIFA Council meetings. Kazakhstan and the United States plan to strengthen cooperation in the use of space technologies to assess environmental hazards and mitigate the threat of natural disasters in Kazakhstan. The leaders intend to consult on sanctions issues to avoid any unintended consequences for Kazakhstan’s economy. Finally, President Trump congratulated President Nazarbayev on the success of Astana EXPO 2017, which showcased Kazakhstan’s economic potential, and will become the future home of the Astana International Finance Center.
The Human Dimension
The Presidents acknowledged that efforts to develop human capital are an investment in the future, which will sustain the global competitiveness of both countries. Both leaders welcomed the reciprocal expansion of diplomatic and consular presence in both countries. President Trump encouraged Kazakhstan’s goal to increase English language proficiency, and pledged to offer assistance to improve English education programs in Kazakhstani schools.
Then the Presidents of Kazakhstan and the United States of America held talks, during which the most topical issues of bilateral relations and the international agenda were discussed.
Donald Trump expressed gratitude to Nursultan Nazarbayev for the official visit and highly appreciated the existing relations between Kazakhstan and the United States.
– I am very glad that you are here. You are all deeply respected. Our countries have a wonderful relationship. Now Kazakhstan is in a very good situation. We are honoured to receive you. What you have done for your country is really wonderful, the US President said.
In turn, the President of Kazakhstan thanked Donald Trump for the invitation and congratulated him on the anniversary of his election to the presidency of the United States.
– I take this opportunity to congratulate you on the anniversary of the presidency and on the great economic achievements. Kazakhstan highly values the US political support for the independence and integrity of the territory of Kazakhstan. All 26 years Kazakhstan has been a friend of the USA. Today’s visit is proof of this partnership, the Head of State said.
In conclusion, Nursultan Nazarbayev expressed confidence in further deepening of bilateral political and economic cooperation.